QNAP TS-453 Pro-8G NAS Review

Test Setup And Methodology

Test Setup

Our test system (client PC) consists of the following components:

Test System Configuration
ProcessorIntel Pentium G3258 (3MB Cache, 3.2GHz)
Motherboard/Platform
Gigabyte GA-Z97X-UD3H
Memory
8GB DDR3-1600 (2 x 4GB)
Graphics
AMD Radeon HD 7870
StorageSSD: OCZ Vertex 4 256GB
HDD: Samsung F4 2000GB
NetworkingIntel Pro/1000 PT Dual-Port Server Adapter
Power Supply
Seasonic X-520
CoolingThermalright SilverArrow SB-E Extreme
CaseCooler Master HAF XB
Operating System
Windows 7 64-bit Service Pack 1
Network Switch
TL-SG3216 16-port GbE managed switch (LACP and jumbo frames support)
Ethernet CablingCAT 6e, 2m

As you can see, we use a capable client test system with a fast SSD from which all tests are executed. This helps to ensure there are no bottlenecks on our side, since the specific SSD can achieve up to 560 MB/s read and 510 MB/s write (sequential). 

NAS Configuration
Internal Disks
4x Seagate ST500DM005 500GB (HD502HJ, SATA 6Gb/s, 7200 RPM, 16MB)
External Disk
SSD OCZ Agility 2 60GB in USB 3.0 enclosure
Firmware
QTS 4.1.1

Methodology

We use three different programs to evaluate NAS performance. The first is Intel's NAS Performance Toolkit. Our only problem with this software is that using a client PC with more than 2GB of memory heavily affects the HD Video Record and File Copy to NAS tests, since they end up measuring the client's RAM buffer speed and not the network performance. Therefore, we set the maximum memory of our test PC to 2GB via msconfig's advanced options. We also exploit the utility's batch run function, which repeats the selected tests five times and uses the averages for its final results.

The second program is custom-made. It performs 10 basic file transfer tests and measures the average speed in MB/s for each. To extract results that are as accurate as possible, we run each metric 10 times, using the average as our result.

We also perform multiple client tests (up to 10 clients are supported by one server instance) through the same program. The server utility runs on the main workstation/server, while clients run the client version. All are synchronized and operate in parallel; after all of the tests are finished, the clients report their results to the server, which sums them up and transfers them to an Excel sheet to generate the corresponding graphs.

The third program we use in our test sessions is ATTO, a well-known program for storage benchmarks. In order to use ATTO for benchmarking, we are forced to map a shared folder of the NAS to a local drive, since ATTO cannot directly access network devices.

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22 comments
    Your comment
  • blackmagnum
    Don't leave your old PCs sitting around go to waste... make a NAS box today!
  • elbutchos
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth.
    Thank you in advance.
  • Aris_Mp
    This is not the NAS mainboard's fault but the CPU cannot support more than 8 GB of RAM.

    Check here: http://ark.intel.com/products/78867/Intel-Celeron-Processor-J1900-2M-Cache-up-to-2_42-GHz
  • coolgus
    Cool review, lots of info to process!!
  • milkod2001
    Any chance you guys could review: Zyxel NAS540

    I'd love to see how above reviewed product stands against €226 Zyxel NAS540.

    @blackmagnum old computers usually have old big inefficient CPU(overkill for NAS), sitting in big old, ugly,dusty case.

    For NAS you want something small, efficient, cool & quite. It's better to sell old PC and get NAS ready to go solution or build your own from scratch.
  • nekromobo
    Could you please test the Ts-453 or ts-451 with all SSD's array? Or just try the 3x HDD + 1 SSD cache acceleration disk and add results. Im really thinking of buying a SSD cache disk for my Qnap but can't decide. Also recommend what SSD to buy for? I hear SSD would need DZAT, not sure if Intal or Samsung supports that. Please investigate!
  • Aris_Mp
    In the next reviews I will do this (use a single SSD as cache). However I don't know if any of my next NAS reviews will be posted here.
  • Rookie_MIB
    I have a mobo with one of the J1900 chips (ASRock Q1900M) and it's a surprisingly capable little chip. Since it has a few PCI-e slots I'm tempted to turn it into a NAS with some SATA adapters.

    Slap in FreeNAS or just a good Linux distro w/raid and it'd be good to go.
  • Eggz
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces? That's such an old standard! Aren't there 10 Gbps solutions in a similar form factor? I am pretty certain I recall seeing some small 10 Gbps NAS solutions that would be much faster, and I think someone would be able to make one for less money than this.
  • ykki
    Wouldn't AMD's AM1 platform be better?
  • firefoxx04
    less than 100MB/s to a single client really? Most 1gigabit interfaces can do 120MB/s.. at least mine do and they are nothing special.
  • Aris_Mp
    it depends on the files you transfer. Also the charts don't depict the peak speed but the average through the entire transfer.
  • toadhammer
    Quote:
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces?


    10Gbps is still expensive. If you want your whole network 10Gb, I don't think I've seen a "small" hub with less than 8 ports or less than $250. I suppose you could get a 1GB switch that happened to have a single 10Gb port for switch-to-switch uplink, but then you are talking about bigger switches (24 port) and it's still several hundred bucks.

    Not that you couldn't put all this together at bargain basement prices, but then you are building a 10Gb network architecture around a dinky 4 disk NAS. No business would be likely to do that....they'd be paying for a larger NAS and a fatter pipe.
  • the3kgt2
    Quote:
    Don't leave your old PCs sitting around go to waste... make a NAS box today!


    Electricity is very expensive. Power usage will make your custom NAS end up costing way more than a device like this. I had a custom Linux fileserver as our main storage server and a custom HTPC acting as both a media server and player. I tweaked all power savings settings as much as possible, yet combined they were eating 200watts idle, nearly 400w under full load. I just replaced both systems with a TS-451 and my lower electricity bill will pay for this thing within a couple months. The Kodi application via the built-in HDMI is flawless and plays anything I throw at it. A Windows VM in QTS runs Media Center Master, HDHomerun with WMC, etc. The built-in QNAP apps run my websites and e-mail servers. It's mind blowing how powerful this tiny thing is and how obsolete it makes dedicated servers at home.
  • Giannis Karagiannis
    Very comprehensive review!

    J1900 seems just perfect for a NAS in this category. Solid performance combined with very low power.
  • stevenrix
    <I> As far as storage goes, the unit can take up to four hard drives, so if you use 6TB disks, that's up to 24TB before formatting </I>
    Yeah right, a dummy would take the risk to run in a RAID 0 configuration, then he loses 1 drive and he loses all his data.
    Most likely the guy will be on RAID 5, he will lost 1 drive or RAID 10 and loses 2 drives, so the real maximum capacity is 18TB in RAID5 or 12TB in RAID10.
  • Tolek
    Quote:
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth. Thank you in advance.

    Is working perfectly with 16GB or RAM :)
  • ykki
    1934426 said:
    my best friend's step-aunt makes $82 hourly on the computer . She has been fired for 7 months but last month her payment was $18632 just working on the computer for a few hours. pop over to this web-site, w­­­w­­­w­­­.­­­w­­­o­­­r­­­k­­­-­­­r­­­e­­­v­­­i­­­e­­­w­­­s­­­.­­­c­­­o­­­m


    Yeah, we GET it.:fou:
  • Eggz
    964465 said:
    Quote:
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces?
    10Gbps is still expensive. If you want your whole network 10Gb, I don't think I've seen a "small" hub with less than 8 ports or less than $250. I suppose you could get a 1GB switch that happened to have a single 10Gb port for switch-to-switch uplink, but then you are talking about bigger switches (24 port) and it's still several hundred bucks. Not that you couldn't put all this together at bargain basement prices, but then you are building a 10Gb network architecture around a dinky 4 disk NAS. No business would be likely to do that....they'd be paying for a larger NAS and a fatter pipe.



    Quantenna is making a 10 gbe router in the home FF due out later this year. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2014/04/15/the-insanely-fast-wi-fi-router-youll-probably-never-need/

    You could just pop a 10 Gbe PCI-e card in machines, as well as the NAS, and - BOOM - all of a sudden you have a small post production studio editing 4K content from a little NAS server box. You could even fill it with TB SSDs if you wanted.

    Even before that comes out, though, you could network computers directly in a small office without a switch.

    But, I agree, that it'll be exotic for a while.
  • elbutchos
    Quote:
    Quote:
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth. Thank you in advance.
    Is working perfectly with 16GB or RAM :)


    Many Thanks. What memory did you use ?
    I'm planning to get Kingston KVR16LS11/8 but not sure if it will work and I don't want to throw the money out the window.
  • toadhammer
    1406980 said:
    964465 said:
    Quote:
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces?
    10Gbps is still expensive. If you want your whole network 10Gb, I don't think I've seen a "small" hub with less than 8 ports or less than $250. I suppose you could get a 1GB switch that happened to have a single 10Gb port for switch-to-switch uplink, but then you are talking about bigger switches (24 port) and it's still several hundred bucks. Not that you couldn't put all this together at bargain basement prices, but then you are building a 10Gb network architecture around a dinky 4 disk NAS. No business would be likely to do that....they'd be paying for a larger NAS and a fatter pipe.
    Quantenna is making a 10 gbe router in the home FF due out later this year. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2014/04/15/the-insanely-fast-wi-fi-router-youll-probably-never-need/ You could just pop a 10 Gbe PCI-e card in machines, as well as the NAS, and - BOOM - all of a sudden you have a small post production studio editing 4K content from a little NAS server box. You could even fill it with TB SSDs if you wanted. Even before that comes out, though, you could network computers directly in a small office without a switch. But, I agree, that it'll be exotic for a while.


    Hey, sounds like you have a business model!
  • radzio
    Quote:
    Quote:
    Quote:
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth. Thank you in advance.
    Is working perfectly with 16GB or RAM :)
    Many Thanks. What memory did you use ? I'm planning to get Kingston KVR16LS11/8 but not sure if it will work and I don't want to throw the money out the window.


    Did you buy and test this RAM :>?