QNAP TS-453 Pro-8G NAS Review

Power Consumption, Noise And Temperature

We're using a GW Instek GPM-8212 power analyzer for all of our power consumption measurements.  

Sleep, Idle and Load

Despite its potent platform, the TS-453 Pro-8G is energy efficient, drawing less than 50W under heavy data throughput conditions and with four HDDs installed. This is the main advantage of a NAS appliance. It can offer high performance along with low power consumption. And given that it will most likely have to operate continuously, over time, the energy savings are significant compared to what you'd get from a traditional storage server. 

Power Consumption Comparison Graphs

With the EuP Mode Configuration setting disabled, the NAS consumes a little more than 1W in standby mode, which is the best result we've seen from any network-attached storage device. If you plan to use the Wake On LAN, AC power resume or power schedule settings, then you have to leave the above option disabled.

With ErP mode enabled, the NAS consumes less than 0.5W in standby, making it compliant with the requirements of the ErP Lot 6 2013 directive.

When it's idle, power consumption is low (particularly for such a beefy platform). 

Under load, the NAS continues to demonstrate conservative power requirements. And if we take its high performance into account, then the final result is even more impressive. Obviously, the Celeron J1900 CPU is efficient.

Output Noise

For these measurements, we used a CEM-8852 Sound DB Meter installed 20 inches (50 centimeters) away from the NAS. Ambient noise in our lab was below 30 dB(A) when these noise measurements were taken.

We enabled the “Smart Fan” mode for our testing, and the fan’s noise remained low throughout our benchmarking. You can build your own fan profile through the Control Panel's Hardware menu. Or, set the Smart Fan rotation speed manually to Low, Medium or High. When the fan is on High, its noise gets annoying. You don't need to use that setting though. Just enable the Smart Fan mode and let it handle thermals.

Output Noise Comparison Graphs

The following graphs compare the TS-453 Pro-8G's noise to other units we have tested.

Under normal operation, the TS-453 Pro-8G is quiet, especially for a NAS targeting SMB environments.

With the fan working at full speed, the NAS gets noisy. But as we said, there is really no reason to operate the fan that fast. Even under our intensive benchmark loads, the control circuit never increased the fan’s speed to high RPMs.

CPU & HDD Temperatures

To stress the CPU, we performed a RAID 6 rebuild scenario with 75 MB/s minimum construction speeds. For the hard drives, we measured their operating temperatures after a long testing session.

The maximum temperatures reported by the QTS system status page were 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) for the CPU and 89 F (32 C) for the hard drives. Those are low enough to demonstrate the cooling system's solid performance.

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22 comments
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  • blackmagnum
    Don't leave your old PCs sitting around go to waste... make a NAS box today!
  • elbutchos
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth.
    Thank you in advance.
  • Aris_Mp
    This is not the NAS mainboard's fault but the CPU cannot support more than 8 GB of RAM.

    Check here: http://ark.intel.com/products/78867/Intel-Celeron-Processor-J1900-2M-Cache-up-to-2_42-GHz
  • coolgus
    Cool review, lots of info to process!!
  • milkod2001
    Any chance you guys could review: Zyxel NAS540

    I'd love to see how above reviewed product stands against €226 Zyxel NAS540.

    @blackmagnum old computers usually have old big inefficient CPU(overkill for NAS), sitting in big old, ugly,dusty case.

    For NAS you want something small, efficient, cool & quite. It's better to sell old PC and get NAS ready to go solution or build your own from scratch.
  • nekromobo
    Could you please test the Ts-453 or ts-451 with all SSD's array? Or just try the 3x HDD + 1 SSD cache acceleration disk and add results. Im really thinking of buying a SSD cache disk for my Qnap but can't decide. Also recommend what SSD to buy for? I hear SSD would need DZAT, not sure if Intal or Samsung supports that. Please investigate!
  • Aris_Mp
    In the next reviews I will do this (use a single SSD as cache). However I don't know if any of my next NAS reviews will be posted here.
  • Rookie_MIB
    I have a mobo with one of the J1900 chips (ASRock Q1900M) and it's a surprisingly capable little chip. Since it has a few PCI-e slots I'm tempted to turn it into a NAS with some SATA adapters.

    Slap in FreeNAS or just a good Linux distro w/raid and it'd be good to go.
  • Eggz
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces? That's such an old standard! Aren't there 10 Gbps solutions in a similar form factor? I am pretty certain I recall seeing some small 10 Gbps NAS solutions that would be much faster, and I think someone would be able to make one for less money than this.
  • ykki
    Wouldn't AMD's AM1 platform be better?
  • firefoxx04
    less than 100MB/s to a single client really? Most 1gigabit interfaces can do 120MB/s.. at least mine do and they are nothing special.
  • Aris_Mp
    it depends on the files you transfer. Also the charts don't depict the peak speed but the average through the entire transfer.
  • toadhammer
    Quote:
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces?


    10Gbps is still expensive. If you want your whole network 10Gb, I don't think I've seen a "small" hub with less than 8 ports or less than $250. I suppose you could get a 1GB switch that happened to have a single 10Gb port for switch-to-switch uplink, but then you are talking about bigger switches (24 port) and it's still several hundred bucks.

    Not that you couldn't put all this together at bargain basement prices, but then you are building a 10Gb network architecture around a dinky 4 disk NAS. No business would be likely to do that....they'd be paying for a larger NAS and a fatter pipe.
  • the3kgt2
    Quote:
    Don't leave your old PCs sitting around go to waste... make a NAS box today!


    Electricity is very expensive. Power usage will make your custom NAS end up costing way more than a device like this. I had a custom Linux fileserver as our main storage server and a custom HTPC acting as both a media server and player. I tweaked all power savings settings as much as possible, yet combined they were eating 200watts idle, nearly 400w under full load. I just replaced both systems with a TS-451 and my lower electricity bill will pay for this thing within a couple months. The Kodi application via the built-in HDMI is flawless and plays anything I throw at it. A Windows VM in QTS runs Media Center Master, HDHomerun with WMC, etc. The built-in QNAP apps run my websites and e-mail servers. It's mind blowing how powerful this tiny thing is and how obsolete it makes dedicated servers at home.
  • Giannis Karagiannis
    Very comprehensive review!

    J1900 seems just perfect for a NAS in this category. Solid performance combined with very low power.
  • stevenrix
    <I> As far as storage goes, the unit can take up to four hard drives, so if you use 6TB disks, that's up to 24TB before formatting </I>
    Yeah right, a dummy would take the risk to run in a RAID 0 configuration, then he loses 1 drive and he loses all his data.
    Most likely the guy will be on RAID 5, he will lost 1 drive or RAID 10 and loses 2 drives, so the real maximum capacity is 18TB in RAID5 or 12TB in RAID10.
  • Tolek
    Quote:
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth. Thank you in advance.

    Is working perfectly with 16GB or RAM :)
  • ykki
    1934426 said:
    my best friend's step-aunt makes $82 hourly on the computer . She has been fired for 7 months but last month her payment was $18632 just working on the computer for a few hours. pop over to this web-site, w­­­w­­­w­­­.­­­w­­­o­­­r­­­k­­­-­­­r­­­e­­­v­­­i­­­e­­­w­­­s­­­.­­­c­­­o­­­m


    Yeah, we GET it.:fou:
  • Eggz
    964465 said:
    Quote:
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces?
    10Gbps is still expensive. If you want your whole network 10Gb, I don't think I've seen a "small" hub with less than 8 ports or less than $250. I suppose you could get a 1GB switch that happened to have a single 10Gb port for switch-to-switch uplink, but then you are talking about bigger switches (24 port) and it's still several hundred bucks. Not that you couldn't put all this together at bargain basement prices, but then you are building a 10Gb network architecture around a dinky 4 disk NAS. No business would be likely to do that....they'd be paying for a larger NAS and a fatter pipe.



    Quantenna is making a 10 gbe router in the home FF due out later this year. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2014/04/15/the-insanely-fast-wi-fi-router-youll-probably-never-need/

    You could just pop a 10 Gbe PCI-e card in machines, as well as the NAS, and - BOOM - all of a sudden you have a small post production studio editing 4K content from a little NAS server box. You could even fill it with TB SSDs if you wanted.

    Even before that comes out, though, you could network computers directly in a small office without a switch.

    But, I agree, that it'll be exotic for a while.
  • elbutchos
    Quote:
    Quote:
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth. Thank you in advance.
    Is working perfectly with 16GB or RAM :)


    Many Thanks. What memory did you use ?
    I'm planning to get Kingston KVR16LS11/8 but not sure if it will work and I don't want to throw the money out the window.
  • toadhammer
    1406980 said:
    964465 said:
    Quote:
    Why are these expensive NAS boxes still on 1 Gbps interfaces?
    10Gbps is still expensive. If you want your whole network 10Gb, I don't think I've seen a "small" hub with less than 8 ports or less than $250. I suppose you could get a 1GB switch that happened to have a single 10Gb port for switch-to-switch uplink, but then you are talking about bigger switches (24 port) and it's still several hundred bucks. Not that you couldn't put all this together at bargain basement prices, but then you are building a 10Gb network architecture around a dinky 4 disk NAS. No business would be likely to do that....they'd be paying for a larger NAS and a fatter pipe.
    Quantenna is making a 10 gbe router in the home FF due out later this year. http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2014/04/15/the-insanely-fast-wi-fi-router-youll-probably-never-need/ You could just pop a 10 Gbe PCI-e card in machines, as well as the NAS, and - BOOM - all of a sudden you have a small post production studio editing 4K content from a little NAS server box. You could even fill it with TB SSDs if you wanted. Even before that comes out, though, you could network computers directly in a small office without a switch. But, I agree, that it'll be exotic for a while.


    Hey, sounds like you have a business model!
  • radzio
    Quote:
    Quote:
    Quote:
    I know it is not supposed to support 16GB RAM but please guys bust this myth. Thank you in advance.
    Is working perfectly with 16GB or RAM :)
    Many Thanks. What memory did you use ? I'm planning to get Kingston KVR16LS11/8 but not sure if it will work and I don't want to throw the money out the window.


    Did you buy and test this RAM :>?